Mozambique

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Mozambique is located in south eastern Africa bordering South Africa which lies to the south. The capital city is coastal Maputo, previously known as Lourenco Marques. The climate is tropical to subtropical (the Tropic of Capricorn cuts through the country) and the coastline is more than 1,500 miles long with some of the most beautiful islands and beaches in Africa. A torrid political history has prevented this country from previously becoming one of southern Africa’s primary holiday and wildlife destinations. Vasco da Gama recorded a first visit here in 1498 and inevitably Portuguese colonial rule followed. Drought and civil war brought Mozambique to its knees in the years from 1977 to 1992. Civil war and famine killed over 1 million people. In 1992 a peace agreement was negotiated by the United Nations. The rebel RENAMO and FRELIMO forces were finally able to end many years of destructive civil war. The Mozambique people and their government have now put their war-torn past behind them and are focused on rebuilding their country. Mozambique offers beautiful, unspoilt beaches, pristine Indian Ocean islands, a World Heritage site, colonial architecture and warm, welcoming people and culture. You can still feel and see the Portuguese colonial culture – in Mozambique’s architecture, second language and food. The old hotels of Maputo prevailed through all the decades of civil war and have undergone a rebirth.

COAST AND ISLANDS OF MOZAMBIQUE: Vilanculos lies approximately 445 miles north of Maputo and is the gateway to the picturesque Bazaruto Archipelago and the Bazaruto National Park. The marine reserve includes five islands – Santa Carolina (also known as Paradise Island), Bazaruto, Benguerra, Magaruque and Bangue – all offering quality snorkeling, diving and big game fishing. The islands are pristine in their natural beauty and coral reefs teem with tropical fish and turtles. Dolphins are seen year round and whales are seasonal visitors. The park is also home to the last viable population of dugong on the east African coast. Bird species abound – and the nomadic Greater Flamingo can usually be seen in October. On the remote northern coast, Vamizi Island is a slender coral island and part of the Quirimbas Archipelago. Vamizi Island is firstly a conservation project directed by the Maluane Project. Vamizi Island and the seas around it harbour some of the most significant and endangered habitats and wildlife in the western Indian Ocean, with over 180 species of unbleached coral and over 400 species of reef fish. When the Maluane Project (the project that conceived and controls the eco-tourism development of Vamizi Island) came to the area over a decade ago, there was great concern that this area would one day come under pressure from indiscriminate fishing and general population pressures. Vamizi Island and the Maluane Project have a permanent conservation team that support various direct conservation activities to actively resist this threat including turtle monitoring, reporting illegal activities of industrial long-line fishing, in-depth marine surveys, clearing reefs and bush of invasive species, a low level whale research programme, a dolphin research programme and a PhD study on the impact of the diving tourism in the local communities. Turtle Conservation at Vamizi Island: Over a hundred turtles nest on Vamizi Island each year – making Vamizi the first home for two species: green and hawksbill turtles. Three other species are found in the region. All of these species are listed as either endangered or critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Wildlife and Conservation: The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park;is a joint initiative between Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe – a “peace park” – which will provide amazing opportunities for natural wildlife migration, wildlife viewing and adventure. The establishment of this huge park, currently underway, will link the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique, Kruger National Park in South Africa, Gonarezhou National Park, Manjinji Pan Sanctuary and Malipati Safari Area in Zimbabwe, as well as two areas between Kruger and Gonarezhou, namely the Sengwe communal land in Zimbabwe and the Makuleke region in South Africa. The total surface area of the transfrontier park will be approximately 35,000 square kilometres. The rehabilitation of Gorongosa National Park in Central Mozambique represents one of the great conservation opportunities in the world today. Gorongosa is a region of high species diversity and ecological features found nowhere else. The 4,000 squarekilometer park is located at the southern end of the Great East African Rift Valley. This area at one time supported some of the densest wildlife populations in all of Africa. Large mammal numbers were reduced by as much as 95% and ecosystems stressed during Mozambique’s thirty-year civil conflict. The Carr Foundation, a U.S. non-profit organization, has teamed with the government of Mozambique to protect and restore the ecosystems and wildlife of Gorongosa National Park and to develop an ecotourism industry to benefit local communities. We will be hearing much more of this in years to come …

Just Some of our Beautiful Destinations in Mozambique

Enjoy browsing through these delightful destinations or simply give us a call and we can help you choose or help put together a selection that we think you will enjoy ….

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